Amendment XXX

Section 1.

Whenever there exists a vacancy in the Supreme Court of the United States the President shall nominate and, with the consent of the people, shall appoint judges of the supreme court as follows:

All eligible persons, in their respective State, Territory, or District and in such manner as the Legislature thereof may direct, may vote by ballot to accept or reject any individual the President shall nominate as a judge of the supreme court; they shall name in their ballots the individual nominated to the supreme court and indicate either consent or dissent of such nomination.  Each State, Territory, and District shall make distinct lists of the number of votes that consent to such nomination and the number of votes that dissent to such nomination, which lists they shall sign and certify, and transmit sealed to the seat of the government of the United States, directed to the Speaker of the House of Representatives; — the Speaker of the House of Representatives shall, in the presence of the Senate and House of Representatives, open all the certificates and the votes shall then be counted; — if the majority of the whole number of votes cast consent to such nomination the chosen individual shall become a judge of the supreme court; and if less than a majority of the whole number of votes cast consent to such nomination a vacancy shall again exist in that office.

Section 2.

The Congress may determine the Time of indicating consent or dissent, – provided such period begins no less than twenty-four weeks and ends no more than thirty-six weeks after the President transmits, to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House of Representatives, their written nomination – and the Day when the several States, Districts, and Territories shall certify and transmit distinct lists of such votes; which Day shall be the same throughout the United States.

Section 3.

The Senate may object to any individual the President shall nominate to judge of the supreme court, – provided such objection be made no more than twenty-four weeks after the President transmits their written nomination – and upon the objection of two-thirds of the sitting members a vacancy shall again exist in that office.

Section 4.

In the case of the death of a nominee for judge of the supreme court, or of their voluntary withdrawal from consideration, a vacancy shall again exist in that office.

The President may withdraw any nomination for judge of the supreme court, – provided notice of such withdrawal be transmitted to the President pro tempore of the Senate and the Speaker of the House no more than twenty-four weeks after the President transmits their written nomination – and upon such withdrawal a vacancy shall again exist in that office.

Section 5.

The Judges, both of the supreme and inferior Courts, shall hold their Offices during good Behaviour until they shall have attained the Age of eighty-one Years.

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